tv CNN Newsroom CNN February 26, 2011 2:00pm-3:00pm EST
the best compromises often leave those on both sides unhappy. this may be one of those cases, but compromise is necessary. that's my xyz. thanks for joining the conversation this week on "your $$$$$." we're here every saturday at 1:00 p.m. and sundays at 3:00 p.m. eastern and stay connected with me 24/7 on twitter. my handle is @alivelshi. have a great weekend. why you don't have to get mean to get ahead. my conversation with supermodel iman in this hour. and at 3:00 p.m. eastern, do some families go too far when it comes to youth sports? and at 4:00 eastern, the farrelly brothers are out with a
new comedy. i'll ask a movie critic if "hall pass" is worth your seeing. you're in the "cnn newsroom," where the news unfolds live this saturday, february 26th, i'm fredricka whitfield. at the united nations, diplomats have been called to an urgent session. at issue, possible sanctions against moammar gadhafi's regime in libya. members of the security council have been meeting behind doors for the past couple of hours. we understand a draft resolution is being debated. our senior u.n. correspondent, richard roth, is there monitoring all of it. first, richard, what's in that resolution? >> reporter: well, this resolution is designed to impose sanctions on the gadhafi regime to try to break their will. it doesn't sound from remarks over there in libya that that is imminent. but the security council ambassadors arrived several hours ago for a rather urgent meeting. on friday they heard an appeal from the libyan ambassador of the united nations to do
something, to help the people of their country. but the united nations security council is considering a resolution that would impose asset freeze, travel ban, and an arms embargo on the libyan government, including colonel gadhafi and his family. now, the resolution was pretty much greeted with a lot of enthusiasm by diplomats, but in the last hour or so, things have bogged down a bit. they're discussing one aspect of the resolution, a line in there that talks about using all necessary means to get humanitarian aid in there. some countries are worried that that means military action, the door open for that. western diplomats don't necessarily agree to that. but that's the type of, as we know with security council resolutions, fredricka, every word can hold up a resolution, sometimes for days. so we just continue to monitor the session. >> so that means it's tough to guess on when a vote would
actually happen? >> reporter: that is correct. one gets the sense from several diplomats they want to do it today. they know the urgency. german diplomats saying, we have to do something for the people of libya. the libyan ambassador or the libyan mission, we are told, minutes ago, submitted a letter to the security council saying that they would like, you know, action against those who are committing violence against the people of libya, that they should be held accountable. that's sort of a last-minute impetus to keep the pressure on to have the international criminal court involved in this. there's some dispute on whether that should be included in the resolution. fredricka? >> richard roth, thanks so much at the u.n., appreciate that. so it is so chaotic in tripoli right now that thousands of non-libyan people and companies are doing all they can to get out. listen to how this man, who evacuated to benghazi, libya, described what it's like in the capital city of tripoli. >> it was very, very scary.
honest, it's a mess, what gadhafi is doing right now in libya. there are a lot of people who have been killed today, according to my friends. i've talked to some people on the phone. there are a lot of people who have been killed today, and have been killed in the last week. and it's just a massacre. there is no human being who can understand what he is doing. and that is assessing a life right now. >> this is what it boils down right now. in regard to evacuation, some turkish naval ships left benghazi today with some nearly 2,000 on board. a u.s. chartered plane and ferry evacuated hundreds yesterday. and the british, canadian, and chinese government are all moving their citizens, either bringing them home or taking them to nearby, more stable countries. so we've been warning you that the u.s. government may have to shut down next friday because of a fight in congress
over spending. but now there's word that democrats and republicans are close to a compromise that could keep the u.s. government in business for a while. democrats would agree to some immediate cuts from president obama's proposed 2012 budget. and to cut earmarks right now. in return, republicans would support a spending extension that would keep the government operating for another two weeks. negotiations over a longer term deal would continue. now let's talk about the stalemate over wisconsin's budget battle, showing no signs of easing up there. democratic senators remain on the lam. without a quorum, republican governor scott walker's contentious bill to rein in public sectors' union power, it can't move forward. and with teacher layoffs looming, protesters are making their outrage known. ted rowlands is tracking developments a to the state capitol in madison. ted, now folks have moved outside, very snowy, cold, but
that's not stopping them. >> reporter: no, fredricka, not at all. last week there was a rally and the estimates were about 70,000 people. and the numbers here from those that were here last week as well are about the same, maybe even more. so we're talking about tens of thousands of people who have come downtown here to the capitol in madison. and they're still inside the capitol as well. there are thousands of people who are inside the capitol. those folks have been here the better part of a week and a half, sleeping and eating inside the capitol. and why are they here? you mentioned it, because of this stalemate, if you will, between the governor and the democrats that have gone to illinois, those 14. judy is here. she says she's not a union person, never has been, but you're here, judy, why? >> i'm here to support the union, i'm here to support the middle class. this bill is wrong. it's going to hurt wisconsin and i'm totally disgusted with this whole thing. >> reporter: the country this sort of watching this every move. how important is the final conclusion of this in your mind?
what happens here in wisconsin is going to make a big difference? >> oh, definitely. this is going to make a difference across the world. and this is, as everybody said, this is a fight against the middle class. and i'm middle class. i've never been in a union. i have been a museum curator for 20 years, don't have any benefits, but i support this wholeheartedly. this whole bill is wrong, wrong, wrong. >> reporter: and fredricka, we should, of course, note, there are a lot of people out here, but there are a lot of people who aren't here as well that are supporting the governor. the stalemate continues in wisconsin. >> ted rowlands in a snowy madison, wisconsin, thanks so much. that's not the only place where snow is falling. people are also digging out in northern california. up to two feet of snow buried parts of northern california this morning. thousands of nevada county residents are without power. emergency crews scrambled to take care of downed power lines and trees and deal with spinouts and other traffic accidents as well. the worst of it was in the mountains and valleys north and
east of san francisco. so the threat of more snow and ice has the san francisco police searching for the homeless. officers spent much of friday night handing out dozens of blankets across the city, as snow mixed with rain and wind blew through that area. >> the officers are actively going out and finding individuals on the street, because it is so cold tonight, so that they can have some blankets, try to keep them warm. >> shelters around the bay area are adding more beds to squeeze in more people, more warming centers are also being opened up. one supermodel, now business mogul, iman, is one of the most photographed woman in the world. she's also credited with helping to open the world of modeling to women of all colors. >> asked if they ever thought of it before, that they could replace one black girl for another. i said, that time has to change
now. >> more of my face-to-face interview with iman, straight ahead. what was i thinking? but i was still skating on thin ice with my cholesterol. anyone with high cholesterol may be at increased risk of heart attack. diet and exercise weren't enough for me. i stopped kidding myself. i've been eating healthier, exercising more and now i'm also taking lipitor. if you've been kidding yourself about high cholesterol, stop. lipitor is a cholesterol-lowering medication, fda approved to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients who have heart disease or risk factors for heart disease. lipitor is backed by over 18 years of research. [ female announcer ] lipitor is not for everyone, including people with liver problems and women who are nursing, pregnant, or may become pregnant. you need simple blood tests to check for liver problems. tell your doctor if you are taking other medications or if you have any muscle pain or weakness. this may be a sign of a rare but serious side effect. let's go! [ laughs ] if you have high cholesterol you may be at increased risk of heart attack and stroke. don't kid yourself.
time to go cross-country now and check stories our affiliates are covering. the school board in providence, rhode island, has voted to fire all of its nearly 2,000 teachers at the end of the school year. it doesn't mean all of them will lose their jobs. the teachers will actually have to reply for them.
by law, the board has to notify teachers of changes to their employment by march 1st. city officials say this action will give them more flexibility in making budget cuts. and look at this. a woman lost control of her mini serene, crashed into a coffee shop in cohassett, massachusetts, right there. almost everything inside the business was damaged, but no one was hurt. police said it appears to be a complete accident and she actually will not be getting a ticket. and on to illinois, two of the famed tuskegee airmen celebrated black history month in rockford. the two reminded the audience that african-americans played a significant role in world war ii, something they say too many young people just simply don't know enough about. in the cutthroat industry of top modeling, the hugely popular fashion magazine cover girl and
showstoping catwalk model known simply as iman proved that you don't have to be mean to get ahead is quite the contrary. she used her cunning intuition and grace to make and keep peace, despite so much around her trying to stir the pot. for example, when iman sensed that people in the industry wanted to pit her against the first black model on "vogue's" cover, beverly johnson, iman shocked everyone, including johnson. at the moment, though, you were not just an agent of change for you, but it's almost as if you made a conscientious decision for everybody, every black model in the industry, that if i'm going to make certain gains, then they will too. and that was extraordinary. because people thought maybe you'd be pitted against, at the time, the black model was beverly johnson. >> and they did. >> that's what they wanted? >> and they did. and as i said, i'm a political person. and also, i come from a place
that this didn't mean anything to me. and i never understood it, because when they started pitting me against beverly johnson, who was the top -- and they keep on saying "black model", but one of the top models of her time. i had a conversation with her, because we were in italy and she was working for bazaar italyia and i was working for "vogue" italia. and they wanted me to stay an extra day to shoot another five pages or something. and i said i couldn't, but i said, beverly johnson is here. and they said, no, no, no, it won't work. and beverly called me. and she said, no black model has ever done this before. and she felt that i was saying, well, there is no competition. and i said, there isn't. i don't personally -- i said, if they ever thought of it before, that they could replace one black girl for another, i said, that time has to change now. because i think both of us can
work at the same time. and we did. >> that was the diplomat in you. >> that's the diplomat in me. >> because even in this day and age, no matter what industry, people are like, every man for him or herself. and whatever opportunity there is for me, too bad the next guy didn't get it, i'm going to take it. how come you didn't abide by that? >> i thinks there a strength in number. there is a strength in number. and there is a strength in changing the status quo. i think there's a strength in it. because we both found out that in an industry that just gave a black model -- one black model at one given time, not two, it had to be one, so you had to dethrone one to get another one on, it was a brand-new day. we both worked at the same time. so the status quo changed. >> and became great friends. >> we became friends and after that, why you can have tyra banks and all these black girls
working at the same time. it was nonexistent before. >> more face to face with imam next hour from her new york seventh avenue office. she explains how her mother's advice early on in life is at the root of her natural inclination to fight for her dignity and that of others. > also, check out my blog on cnn.com for more of the interview. if you've ever considered buying travel insurance to hedge against a canceled flight or extreme delay, you'll want to stick around. our money gurus are here to tell you if it is worth your money.
we're asking this question. should you buy travel insurance? is it worth your buck? we're asking financial experts ken and dareya dollman. they are back with us this hour. usually we see you in palm beach. this time you've come to atlanta. guilty. i was purchased it before. should i have? >> yes, oh, absolutely. >> i'm going to tell you -- >> let me just say this. imagine a few weeks ago you had been, for the first time in your life, egypt visiting the pyramids -- >> or greece. or were thinking of going and had put a big deposit down. >> it means that you can cancel your reservation without penalty or it means if you're stuck somewhere --
>> or it mean is if you're my mother and slip and fall in iceland and break your ankle and go through six hours of surgery in a hospital, she ended up paying nothing. >> and they flew her back with a nurse. >> okay, how do you go about purchasing, you know, making decisions about what to have? >> well, know who you're buying it from. >> exactly. and generally a good travel agent has a company or two that they can suggest to you. depending on what your needs are, if you want just cancellation, if you want that medical policy tipped in. but you have to know who the company is and any reputable. >> go to ambest.com, a rating agency, a financial stability rating agency, because any policy, whether it's travel or life insurance or whatever, is only as good as the company insuring it. >> so you've got to know where this is coming from. >> who's backing it up. >> know something about that company. >> exactly. >> and then you need to think
about, what is it you want to get out of this travel insurance? >> exactly my point. if you're just worried that, oh, you know, maybe the kids' school vacation because of snow will be canceled and we won't be able to do it, we want trip cancellation. or maybe you're on medicare and you don't have coverage overseas, you need to have medical consideration. >> aha, okay. then you also want to know about what other kind of coverage might be available? >> a lot of people think that maybe their homeowner's covers part of it, maybe their credit card covers part of it. so the answer is, they're very often, fredricka -- fred -- there very often is limited coverage with some of those sources. on the other hand, if you're sitting in cairo or sitting in greece, it's almost hard to think of going almost any place where something couldn't break out. >> so y'all, because you're world travelers, you always take advantage of this? >> we do. it's too expensive not to.
>> and when you're overseas and you have this policy, or before you have to go and you have to cancel, make sure you keep the paperwork. all the documentation. >> you have to know who to call, what to say. >> and even a great policy is going to say, even a wonderful travel agency policy is going to say, okay, can we see the stuff? >> oh, jeez, i didn't save anything. well, thank you very much. >> especially helpful when you're going overseas. >> especially when it costs so much money and you may possibly lose all that deposit. >> and particularly nowadays, where you never know the next revolution is going to break out. >> wisconsin, i mean -- >> could be domestic, could be abroad. >> irs next hour. >> that's right. we're going to talk. see you again next hour. we love seeing you in person. and we're going to talk about, can it be possible to actually have like an audit-free tax preparation. >> audit-proof. yep. show you how to do it. >> all right. see you in an hour. thanks so much.
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"the king's speech" as well as "true grit" are going to be duking it out. we'll have to see. things are definitely heating up out here. the weather, the sun is out, it feels fantastic, unlike the soggy start to this saturday. you can see all the plastic around me, that's just protective measures here. they'll remove this tomorrow, because the weather is expected to cooperate. you can see a lot of the media, the press, hundreds of press from all over the country, they come here this time of year, of course, to cover hollywood's biggest, biggest glamorous night of the year. and we talked about "black swan" a little bit, even though natalie portman's film won't take home best picture, she's definitely a favorite in the best actress category for her riveting performance in that thriller, "black swan," where she plays this twisted ballerina. not sure if you've seen it, but it was a great picture, great film. as for best actor, colin firth, he's had so much momentum
winning award show after award show from the s.a.g. awards to the golden globes. they're expecting him to take home the big award in that category. although he'll be duking it out with jeff bridges, "true grit," another impressive film. so we'll have to wait and see what happens. "social network," "the king's speech," they may go head to head. could be some surprises there. >> i didn't see "black swan," but i did see "the king's speech," definitely liked it. let's talk about the hosts, anne hathaway and james franco. what a great combination, just seeing all the clips of their pre-oscar fun, definitely looks like it's going to be fun. >> reporter: i think it's going to be a terrific show. and they call the chemistry they have promance. they're not an item, but they have that chemistry on camera. and we interviewed them this week and they talked about how excited they are, their families will be in the audience, and james franco, he's such a talent. not only is he hosting, but he's also up in the best actor category for his film, "127 hours," which is also in the best picture category.
he has so much going on. and he says, expectations are low, i'm just going to go for it. so it's a win-win for him, i would say, fred. >> sounds like fun. all that sunshine you have back there, i'm afraid that plastic is going to melt. kareen wynter -- >> reporter: i know, or we're going to melt. my turtleneck! >> a little toasty on that plastic-coated red carpet there. we'll be checking back with you. thanks so much. and, of course, you'll find plenty of oscar coverage tomorrow right here on cnn. a.j. hammer and brooke anderson reporting from the red carpet as well. that program begins tomorrow at 7:00 eastern right here on cnn. and then "showbiz tonight" road to gold coverage continues at 11:00 eastern on our sister network, hln, with all the oscar wins, losses, and any of the late-breaking scoops as well. we created the electricity that powered the alarm clocks and brewed the coffee. we heated the bathwater and gave kelly a cleaner ride to school. cooked the cube steaks and steamed the veggies. entertained dad, and mom, and a neighbor or two. kept watch on the house when they slept.
i'm dr. sanjay gupta. welcome to the show. for years now, i've been reporting on the consequences of too many hits to the head. i've seen firsthand the brains of athletes who developed dementia too young, and athletes who died too young. today we've got a story about an athlete, a professional football player who knew something was terribly wrong. his mind had been damaged somehow, and he suspected that he knew the cause. so he left a message behind and then he did the unthinkable. and now, even in death, he is still seeking answers. david duerson committed suicide
last week and asked that his brain, a brain like this one, be donated to a special laboratory. why? we'll tell you. also, a longtime coach who saw what football is doing to the most vulnerable players of all -- kids. not even teenagers yet. it wasn't pretty. so he decided to try something different. and it worked. let's get started. we caught wind of a sad but fascinating story this week. chicago former bear, david duerson, part of the fabled 1985 football team, and later a successful business man, a radio host, he killed himself. he shot himself in the chest, not his head. and he left messages saying he wanted his brain to be studied for signs of brain damage. signs for lasting damage of all the hits he took on the football field.
these were the glory days. the 1980s when david duerson, dd, was a member of the insanely talented chicago bears defense. fierce play meant multiple concussions. >> sometimes he would come home and he had extreme headaches. there were times when we would meet after the game and he would want me to drive because he felt dizziness or he just didn't feel stable. >> those headaches would follow him and fellow players into retirement. >> now, sitting as a trustee for the players' association, you know, i see all these guys and their injuries and i see all their medical reports. and you know, this sport is a collision sport. this is not contact, this is collision. and the guys' bodies are playing a heavy price. >> areas removed from the field, duerson also paid a price, suffering with severe pain on the left side of his head. duerson had been an adept speaker, he was a harvard grad, but recently --
>> he had problems putting words together. he had some spelling problems. his vision was blurry. he knew that there was something not right. >> reporter: for his family, the most alarming clue came by way of a recent text message. >> this is a text message that he sent to my mother saying that he loved her and he loved my family and to please get his brain to the nfl brain bank. >> reporter: phone call after desperate phone call from family members to david duerson went unanswered. >> when you heard about your father, how did you hear, first of all? did you receive a call or what happened? >> you know, when i'm getting up at 1:30 in the morning and i'm letting the police in, you know, the first thing in my mind is, i think they're about to tell me my father died. and, you know, there was no -- it was complete shock. >> reporter: duerson had shot
himself in the chest. the details are hazy, but friends and family say the manner in which duerson shot himself may have been to protect the one thing he could leave behind, the one thing that might help fellow athletes. echoing his final text message, duerson left behind a haunting missive. "please see that my brain is given to the nfl's brain bank." >> he's always been a strong person on and off the field, and even at the end, you know, he's trying to help somebody. >> reporter: tissue from duerson's brain is actually headed for the boston university school of medicine, where evidence of brown tangles, damage in the brain called chronic and traumatic enreceive lovy have been found in athletes.
in the next several months, duerson's brain tissue will also be studied, and perhaps the questions he grappled with just before his death will provide answers for fellow athletes that are still living. >> i only hope that it really makes a difference and that once they find out what the cause is, that the nfl takes a stand and say, okay, we're going to try to alleviate this problem, because if you don't, then all of this was for nothing. it's such an unbelievably difficult time for them. and i will tell you that david duerson's family has respected his wishes. and as difficult as this is to talk about, the brain of david duerson will now be going to a special facility. i spent some time at this facility myself. we're going to talk to one of the people who will try and give the family of david duerson some answers. what is happening here is important, it is groundbreaking and potentially historic. stay with us. [ crickets chirping ]
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[ male announcer ] e-trade. investing unleashed. impossible to test for, a concussion is a vague injury, invisible, until now. this is the brain of an athlete? >> that's right. >> that's the only thing we know at this point? >> that's right. so this is a case of an 18-year-old who played multiple sports in high school and sustained several concussions.
>> the brown tangles seen here, evidence of brain damage. >> it's not just a few tangles, it's actually, you know, a lot of them. >> and we are back with sgmd. we're talking about former chicago bears star, david duerson. he killed himself last week. he was afraid he might have suffered brain damage on the field. he left messages about this, saying he wanted his brain analyzed after his death. it's tough to talk about, but joining me to talk a little bit more is chris nowinski, director of boston's research program that's looking into this. welcome to the show, chris. >> appreciate being here, dr. gupta. >> we were talking a little bit during the break, and these are tough circumstances under which to discuss. and i know this is part of the world that you're in now, but i can't get over this one fact, chris, that dave shot himself in chest, in part, it sounds like, from messages that he left, because he wanted his brain to be preserved so it could be analyzed so he could help further research. he was thinking about you,
chris, and the work that you're doing. and i just wondered, how does that make you feel? >> to be honest, it's really -- it's very unsettling. it's a situation that we've always been concerned that might happen, because we know how destructive cte can be. and although mr. duerson hasn't been diagnosed with that by dr. mckey, i think the odds are that he did have the disease. and if that's the case, it's just going to be, you know, it's kind of horrifying. >> can you explain, what can you find out from dr. duerson's brain now, when it's finally examined? >> sure. when dr. ann mckey examines his brain, she'll be looking for any abnormalities. because a lot of diseases and abnormalities can cause a wide range of symptoms that could have contributed to this. but specifically, we're concerned we'll find, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, cte, which will be characterized by
the abnormal buildup of proteins in specific regions of the brain, causing the brain to function abnormally. >> obviously, this is early on, still, in the whole legacy of this institute. there's going to be a lot of people who have said they will give their brains to science upon their death. what have you seen so far? i mean, is there anything that you can say so far about the results? >> well, i think the results, to me, clearly show that this is far more widespread than we realized or ever wanted to find. you know, families are really contributing to this research and supporting the research. we now actually have 66 cases in the brain bank. and dr. mckey has completed 40 studies in over -- in almost all athletes, and over 30 have had the disease. >> wow. >> so it's quite striking to see case after case, especially the ones who took many, many years of brain trauma to find this in almost every one.
>> and again, what we're talking about, specifically, is athletes who have, upon their death, donated their brains to science. some of them concerned that they were developing what is known as cte, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, which some have described as almost an early onset dementia. it's associated with depression and anxiety, associated with memory loss while one is still alive, and this is in very, very young people. you know, i couldn't help but think that dave duerson wants some answers, even in death. he wants some answers, maybe for his family. is that the right thing to be asking for? is he going to get some answers from all this? >> i don't know if there are answers for dave in death. i don't think there are real answers to this problem. it is simply a tragedy. but the reality is, you know, people will learn from the gift that mr. duerson left. >> i appreciate that, chris. one of the things we're focused on is some solutions. obviously, a lot of people will continue to play sports.
they'll continue to play sports like football and like the sport you were involved with as well, but we want to keep people as safe as possible when they're kids, when they're adolescents, and certainly into the high school and college and professional years. we'll stay on top of this, chris, we hope to be able to collaborate with you in the future some more. thanks for joining us. >> thank you. >> as you listen to all of this, this is not at all an isolated thing. in fact, many ex-players have problems. listen to a conversation i had just recently with former vike, fred mcneil. he started having serious issues with headaches and concentration years after his career was over. >> you wanted to end your life? >> yeah. i was just thinking, it would be so much easier. and i'd be sitting at my office late at night and actually sitting there with a pair of scissors and actually thinking
that, man, this would be so much easier if i just did this. >> it is so just difficult to hear this. so what is being done to help fred mcneill and so many other players, young and old. we've got some answers next on "sgmd." ♪ do you believe in magic? ♪ ♪ it's magic ♪ [ male announcer ] it's a comfort that comes from the only caramel worthy of being wrapped in gold. ♪ do you believe in magic? [ male announcer ] werther's original caramel chocolate. what comfort tastes like. pure... and also delicious. like nature valley. granola bars made with crunchy oats and pure honey. nature valley -- 100% natural. 100% delicious. [ fedine like you're inoose new york city the next...ute...
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we are back with "sgmd." there are more than 3 million football players in the united states, but when it comes to safety, it's the national football league, the pros that set the standard. so joining me from indianapolis are the cochairs of the league's advisory committee on head, neck, and spine safety. their neurosurgeons, so they know this territory. thank you so much for joining us. >> thanks for having us. >> from before the break, we heard from the director of this research laboratory where they've examined more than two dozen brains. they say they have found evidence of brain damage in most of them. do we have enough evidence now to say that playing football is bad for your brain, is dangerous
to your health? >> we've known this since the 1920s and the experience in the boxing world, where cases of dementia were found, chronic traumatic encephalopathy was defined, and it's not a surprise that repetitive head injury, as you know so well, can cause long-term damage. and i think we are seeing that. the dimensions of this problem are still to be defined. and that's what richard and i are embarking on. >> as we've been reporting on this, more and more players are concerned. obviously, many of these players are retired, so they're sort of looking back. but for players that are in the league now or young players that i know you talk about or are concerned about as well, what is the message to them right now? >> so what are we doing in the nfl? we're doing a lot of things and doing a lot of things at the same time. so today, just a half hour ago, we were rolling out a new nfl sidelines examine, which is a
lot stricter, a lot tougher, and really endorsed by everybody that we presented it to from the competition committee to the team physicians and the professional athletic trainers, which says, you know, if you're in doubt, take the player out. sit them out, let them recover. because we know, as you've said inner your previous programs, that if you let them recover, they have a much better chance of having better long-term prognosis. we're looking at helmets. we're looking at a whole variety of things to improve. i would also mention, sanjay, that the reported concussions this year are up about 25%. and i think that reflects what rich and i have seen in talking to the players, talking to the coaches. they are very, very tuned in, as you mentioned, and they clearly will raise a finger when they have symptoms of concussion or when one of their teammates does. >> when i've interviewed players in the past, they've said to me,
look, this game has changed. you were referring to past history, but they say, players have become bigger, they've become faster, stronger, and is it possible to make football a safe game? >> well, that's a fabulous and difficult question, as you know. the problem is, it's the size and speed and power of the professional athletes at this time, which is enormous. it's also a fizz lonphysiologic problem. we've got great armor and these helmets are great, but when the helmets collide at great rates of speed and stop, the skull stops almost immediately, but unfortunately the brain doesn't. and that moving back and forth, that reverberation is the villain here. >> you mentioned all these various, you know, propositions, including, you know, the sideline exam. as advisers to the nfl, how do you enforce that? because there is this culture of
playing through it, it is a competitive sport. will there be penalty ifs teams don't abide by this? how do you make sure it actually happens? >> i think the players, certainly with the terrible tragedy this week, they're pretty attuned to the fact that, you know, something has to change. no one wants a long-term problem after they've suffered multiple concussi concussions. so i think you're going to see a culture change actually enforced among the players and the fans. they're going to insist on it. i think there are going to be rule changes, and that's certainly up to levels above hunt and i with the nfl, the competition committee and the commissioner, but they're pretty clear what they're telling us, and that is, safety first. >> and clearly, the tolerance for missing concussions, for not handling them properly, for not getting players off the field is really zero. and that comes from the commissioner. it's enforced by competition
committee, the safe and injury committee. it is universal. and i'm very impressed and pleased with that development. >> well, and i know the commissioner has spoken about this quite candidly. and a lot of people are as well. and i know, richard, you were referring to david duerson. our thoughts are with his family. a tragic ceremony. as the cochairs, thanks so much for joining us. coming up, we're staying on theme. the coach who said enough when his fifth graders started getting hurt. a creative solution, we've got it just ahead. stocks, bonds, etfs. oh i love etfs. look at you. why don't you show me your portfolio? i'd love to... i already logged out. oh no, it's easy, actually, to get back... see where it says history? there's a history? yeah, it'll take you right back to the site you were just on. well the last site... [ british vo ] and now, cycle complete. the male wildebeest returns to propagate the herd. [ animal grunts ] can you forward me this link?
this is what protective head gear looked like in the old days. here's what it looks like now. the changes are obvious, you've got a lot of padding inside, a much tougher shell as well. some, in fact, have these sensors that are built inside to measure impact. if someone takes a hit on the football field, some of these helmets transmit a signal wirelessly to the sideline that gives you information like this, tells you the severity of the blow, the impact of the blow, such important information. but some people say these helmets really aren't the answer. in fact, we heard from a lot of people that if a helmet like this wasill used, it could, in fact, limit the aggressive blows that we see in football today. i think the answer is clear. helmets alone aren't going to solve this problem. but some of best the solutions may not involve any high-tech gear at all. take a look at this. most of these players see themselves as mini versions of these guys. >> youth football is trying to be the professional game. sometimes for good, but
sometimes for bad. >> reporter: the good -- competition, camaraderie. the bad, concussions. and the ugly, a tendency trickling down from the pros to hide head injuries. >> when you're 13, i think you have those same drives to play through pain, play through injury, not wanting to look weak in front of your friends or your enemies. guys go to great lengths to hide injuries and not talk about them. >> reporter: turns out hiding has consequences, first seen at the nfl level. retired players consumed with depression, rage, memory problems. their symptoms associated with the mysterious brain disease called chronic traumatic encephalopat encephalopathy. it looks like dementia, but it strikes players in their 30s, 40s, 50s -- sometimes, younger. >> the reality is we do have cases of teenagers having the
disease. primarily football players, some played multisports throughout, but they all had brain trauma. >> it's brain damage, that's what it comes down to. >> does your head go up or down? >> up! >> head goes up or down? >> up! >> reporter: carmen coaches the wreckers it wreckers, a team of fifth graders. last year he had a typical playbook. >> we had do drills like, you walk around and tap a kid and go at it. head to head, hammer to hammer. >> reporter: during game games? >> if a kid came out and he got a stinger and a ding, we would say, hey, you okay? and send him back in when he answered yesterday. >> when his team clocked 20 concussions in one season, coach rhoda said, enough. his new playbook starts with a concussion course for parents, coaches, and players. a trainer at games and practice. >> do you have any nausea or dizziness?